The sidewalk surrounding the public restroom building at Northwest Park in Davenport, Iowa experienced differential settlement, evident by faulted slab sections at some of the joints. This vertical displacement was as much as three inches, creating trip hazards and potential liability claims. The Parks and Recreation Department placed a concrete “wedge” at the wart location to minimize risk, but decided to seek a more suitable, long-term solution. Removal and replacement of the concrete was not considered since it would involve constructing barriers and shutting off access to the building for several days to a week.


MidAmerica Basement Systems proposed a slab stabilization and lift option using rigid polyurethane foam. Slab preparation included removing the concrete wedge and saw-cutting through the joints, where necessary, to prevent binding of the slabs during lift. PolyLevel 250 (PL250) was injected through penny-sized holes in the slabs strategically located on each side of the joints. PolyLevel is a rapidly setting, two-art liquid urethane that when combined expands in to a ridged foam used to fill voids, stabilize slabs and lift concrete. PL250 is extremely lightweight, with a typical in-place density of less than four pound per cubic foot (pcf). Other voids-filling or lifting materials can weigh upwards of 120 pcf, adding significant burden to supporting base materials and potentially contributing to further settlement. With a typical in-place compressive strength exceeding 5,000 pounds per square foot (psf), PL250 has more than enough strength to support residential and light commercial application.

MidAmerica Basement Systems completed the entire job in just four hours using 126 pounds of PL250. The releveled sidewalk was returned to service immediately upon completion.

Project Summary

PolyLevel: PolyLevel 250 Polyurethane Foam

Commercial Design Specialist: James Palagi

Project Engineer: Richard Brown, Jr.

Commercial Case Study: Foundation Supportworks

Sidewalk settlement at public restroom.
Removing concrete "wedge" prior to installing PolyLevel.
Three inches of differential settlement visible after concrete wedge removed.
Faulted slab sections returned to original elevation.